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QPQ技术在汽车零部件上的应用
时间: 2016-12-07 08:34:13来源: 无锡市奕珺金属改性技术有限公司

QPQ(Quench—Polish—Quench)YUANYIWEICUIHUO—PAOGUANG—CUIHUO,CONGZHUANYEJISHUSHANGLAIJIANG,ZHEIZHONGSHUOFABUGOUQUEQIE,ZHEIZHONGJISHUSHIJISHANGSHIDIWENYANYUSHENDANJIAYANYUYANGHUAHUODIWENYANYUDANTANGONGSHENJIAYANYUYANGHUA,ZAIGUONEIBAQPQJISHUCHENGZUOQPQYANYUFUHECHULIJISHU。

qpq技术是一种金属表面改性技术,具有高抗蚀性、高耐磨、无公害等特点。20世纪80年代中期我公司自主开发了QPQ技术,打破了国外垄断的现状,并在国内迅速投入规模生产。我公司已将该技术向北京、天津、四川、江苏、云南以及广西等地多家专门生产曲轴、气门、凸轮轴、活塞环和气弹簧活塞杆等专业汽车零件厂进行了技术转让,其中包括多种国外引进产品。汽车、摩托车作为QPQ技术第一大应用行业,汽车的曲轴、凸轮轴、气弹簧和扭转盘等年处理量由数百万件到数千万件,而气门的处理量高达3.45亿件。

1.QUZHOU

QUZHOUSHIQICHEFADONGJIDEGUANJIANLINGJIANZHIYI,TACHENGSHOUFUZADEWANQU、NIUZHUANZAIHEHEYIDINGDECHONGJIZAIHE,ZHOUJINGBIAOMIANHAIYAOCHENGSHOUMOSUN。QIPOHUAIXINGSHISHIZAIZHOUJINGHEQUBINGGUODUDEYUANJIAOCHUCHANSHENGPILAOLIEWENYUZHOUJINGBIAOMIANDEYANZHONGMOSUN。

QUZHOUDECHANGYONGCAILIAOWEI45GANGHEQIUMOZHUTIE。YIQIGANGZHIJING200mmYIXIADEWANGFUSHINEIRANJIQUZHOUWEILI,45GANGQUZHOUDUOCAIYONGDIAOZHICHULI,DIAOZHIHOUDEYINGDUYAOQIUWEI207~302HBW。QIUMOZHUTIEDEQUZHOUDUOCAIYONGZHENGHUO,ZHENGHUOHOUDEYINGDUWEI240~300HBW。DIAOZHIHUOZHENGHUOHOUDEQUZHOUZAIZUOQPQCHULI,QUZHOUXINBUBAOCHIJIAOGAODEQIANGDUHELIANGHAODEKANGCHONGJINENGLI,ERBIAOMIANNAIMOXINGKETIGAOSHIJIBEI,YINCIKEYIDADAJIANSHAOZHOUJINGDEMOSUN;PILAOQIANGDUKEYITIGAO40%~100%,DADAJIANSHAOLEZHOUJINGGUODUQUCHANSHENGPILAOLIEWENDEJILV。

GENJUWOGUOQICHEQICHEXINGYEBIAOZHUNQC/T481—1999,WULUNSHIGANGQUZHOUHUOQIUMOZHUTIEQUZHOU,JINGBIAOMIANQIANGHUAYIHOUDEDANHUACENGYINGDUYINGBUXIAOYU500HV,DANHUACENGZONGSHENDU(BAOKUOHUAHEWUCENGHEKUOSANCENG)YINGBUXIAOYU0.1mm。WOGONGSIKAIFADEQPQJISHUWANQUANNENGGOUMANZUKEHUDEJISHUYAOQIU。

2.TULUNZHOU

TULUNZHOUSHIQICHEFADONGJIZHONGYOUYIZHONGYAOLINGBUJIAN,TAHEQIMENTINGGANZUCHENGYIDUIMOCAFU,ZUOYONGSHIBAOZHENGQIMENANYIDINGDESHIJIANKAIQIHEGUANBI。

TULUNZHOUDECHANGYONGCAILIAOWEI45GANG、QIUMOZHUTIEHUOHEJINZHUTIE。45GANGTULUNZHOUYIBANYINGYUXIANJINXINGDIAOZHI,QIUMOZHUTIETULUNZHOUYINGYUXIANJINXINGZHENGHUOCHULI,HEJINZHUTIETULUNZHOUYIBANYINGQUYINGLITUIHUO。YUXIANRECHULIDEYINGDUYINGGENJUQICHEDELEIXING、ZAIZHONGLIANGDENGYINSULAIXUANZE。

TULUNZHOUZAIGONGZUOGUOCHENGZHONGCHUCHENGSHOUYIDINGDEWANQUHENIUZHUANZAIHEWAI,TULUNBUFENHAICHENGSHOUBIANHUADEJIYAYINGLIYIJIYUTINGGANDEMOCA。TULUNZHOUDEZHUYAOSUNHUAIXINGSHISHITULUNBUFENMOSUNHEZHANZHEMOSUN(YANZHONGSHIHUICHANSHENGRONGJIEXIANXIANG),YIJITULUNBIAOMIANYINJIYAYINGLIDEFANFUZUOYONGERZAOCHENGDEMADIANHUOBIAOMIANBOLUO。YINCITULUNZHOUCHULEYAOYOUYIDINGDEQIANGDUHEGANGXINGYIWAI,HAIYINGJUYOULIANGHAODENAIPILAOXINGNENGHENAIMOXING。

TULUNZHOUDESHANGSHUXINGNENGYAOQIUGANGHAOSHIQPQCHULIJISHUDEYOUSHISUOZAI。SHOUXIANYOUYUHUAHEWUCENGJUYOUJIGAODENAIMOXING,TONGSHIKEYIJIANSHAOMOCAXISHU,YINCITAKEYIDADAJIANSHAOTULUNZHOUDEMOSUN,BIMIANZHANZHEXIANXIANGDECHANSHENG。QICIYOUYUKUOSANCENGKEYIDAFUDUTIGAOPILAOQIANGDU,SUOYITAKEYIDADAJIANSHAOTULUNZHOUBIAOMIANCHANSHENGMADIANHUOBOLUODEKENENGXING,YOUCIBIANKEYIYANZHANGTULUNZHOUDESHIYONGSHOUMING。TULUNZHOUJINGQPQCHULIYIHOU,45GANGHUAHEWUCENGSHENDUYING>15μm,QIUMOZHUTIEHUAHEWUCENGSHENDUYING>5μm,BIAOMIANYINGDUJUNYING>500HV。

3.QIMEN

QIMENSHIYUQIGANGXIANGJIECHUDEMIAN,WENDUGAODA600~700℃。YINCIQIMENCHULEXUANYONGREQIANGDUGANGCAILIAOWAI,HAIYAOTEBIEZHUYIQIMENDEJIECHUMIANSHIYIGEWEIXIANQUYU。GAIQUYUYAOQIUNAIRESHI、NAIREPILAO、NAIMOSUN,YINCIBIXUJINXINGBIAOMIANQIANGHUA。JIAOZAODEBIAOMIANQIANGHUAJISHUSHICAIYONGDUYINGGE。

XIANZAIJINQIMENCAILIAOCHANGCAIYONG4Cr9Si2GANG,PAIQIMENCAILIAOYIBANDOUCAIYONG5Cr21Mn9Ni4N(HANJIENAIMOHEJIN)。

4Cr9Si2GANGQIMENDEGANBUJITOUBUYINGDUWEI30~37HRC,WEIBUYINGDUDAYU48HRC。5Cr21Mn9Ni4NQIMENYINGXIANZUOGURONGCHULI,GANBUJITOUBUYINGDUWEI34~40HRC,WEIBUYINGDUWEI50~60HRC。YEKEYIYONG4Cr9Si2GANGZUOWEIBUYU5Cr21Mn9Ni4NGANGHANJIE,WEIBUGAOPINCUIHUOHOUYINGDUKEDADAO55~63HRC。QIMENJINGYURECHULIBINGDADAOSHANGSHUJISHUYAOQIUHOUZAIJINXINGQPQCHULI,YIBIANZAIQIBIAOMIANXINGCHENG5μmYISHANGDEHUAHEWUCENG,ZENGJIAQIGAOWENZHUANGTAIXIADENAISHI、NAIMOHENAIPILAOXINGNENG。QIMENZAIJINXINGQPQCHULISHIYINGYUXIANQUCHUBUXIUNAIREGANGBIAOMIANDEDUNHUAMO,FOUZEYOUSHIKENENGCHANSHENGYUANSUSHENBUJIN、WUSHENCENGDEQINGKUANG。LINGWAIKEYIYONGSUANXIQUCHUDUNHUAMO,RUYOUTIAOJIANKEYICAIYONGPENXISHADEBANFA,XIAOGUOGENGHAO。

QIMENZAIJINXINGLEDANHUAHEYANGHUAHOU,KEYIZAIGUANGSHIJISHANGZUOZHENDONGPAOGUANG,RANHOUZAIZUOYICIYANGHUA,JIJINXINGLEQPQDEQUANGUOCHENG。ZHEIYANGBUJINKEYIJIANGDIQIMENBIAOMIANCUCAODUZHI,HAIKEYIZENGJIANAISHIXING。

XIANZAIGUONEIWAIQIMENZHUYAODOUCAIYONGQPQCHULI,MEIGUOJINXINGDEQIMENBIJIAOSHIYANBIAOMING,40CrGANGJINQIMENHE5Cr21Mn9Ni4NGANGPAIQIMENJINGQPQCHULIHOU,QINAIMOXINGBIDUYINGGEGAOLIANGBEI,BINGCHENGGONGJIEJUELELIUJIAGEDEGONGHAIWENTI。

4.QIDANHUANGHUOSAIGAN

QIDANHUANGHUOSAIGANSHIQICHESHANGDEYONGLIANGJIAODADELINGJIAN,YAOQIUYOUJIAOGAODENAIMOXINGHELIANGHAODENAISHIXING。YIBANCAIYONGDUYINGGE,ZENGJIABIAOMIANDENAISHIXINGHENAIMOXING。DANDUGEDELIUJIAGELIZIYANZHONGWURANHUANJING,YINCIBIXUCAIYONGWUGONGHAIDEGONGYIFANGFATIDAI。

QPQJISHUSHIYIZHONGWUGONGHAIDEGONGYIFANGFA,QINAIMOXINGBIDUYINGGEGAOLIANGBEI,NAISHIXINGBIDUYINGGEGAO10BEIYISHANG,YINCIYONGQPQJISHUDAITIDUYINGGE,NAIMOXINGHENAISHIXINGDOUHUIDAFUDUTIGAO,SHIJISHIYONGJIEGUOYEZHENGSHIQPQCHULIDEQIDANHUANGHUOSAIGANYOULIANGHAODENAISHIXING,YANWUSHIYANNAISHIXINGDA96h。

QIDANHUANGHUOSAIGANZAIGUOWAIZAOYICAIYONGQPQCHULI,NIANCHULILIANGDASHUQIANWANJIAN。ZAIGUONEIJINNIANLAIYEDALIANGCAIYONGQPQJISHUCHULIQIDANHUANGHUOSAIGAN,ZAIZHEJIANG、GUANGDONG、BEIJINGDENGDIYIYOUSHIDUOGECHANGJIACAIYONGQPQJISHUSHENGCHANQIDANHUANGHUOSAIGAN,YOUDECHANGJIASHENGCHANDEQIDANHUANGHUOSAIGANHAIYUANXIAOMEIGUO。

QPQJISHUZUOWEIYIZHONGWUGONGHAIDEGONGYIFANGFA,DAITIDIANDUGEKEYIHENHAODIJIEJUELIUJIAGELIZIDEGONGHAIWENTI,TONGSHIHAIKEYITIGAONAISHIXING、NAIMOXING,BINGDADAJIANGDISHENGCHANCHENGBEN。

5.HUOSAIHUAN

HUOSAIHUANSHIGEZHONGQICHE、MOTUOCHEFADONGJIDEGUANJIANLINGJIAN,ZAIGAOWENXIAYUGANGTIFASHENGHUADONGMOCA,YINCIBUJINYAOQIUYOUJIAOGAODENAIMOXING,HAIYAOQIUGAOWENXIADENAISHIXINGHELIANGHAODEKANGYAOHEXINGNENG。

QPQJISHUJUYOUJIAOGAODENAIMOXINGHENAISHIXING,TONGSHIYEJUBEIZAIJIAOGAODEWENDUXIAKANGYAOHEXINGNENG,YINCIKEYIMANZUHUOSAIHUANDEJISHUYAOQIU。GUONEIYIJINGYOUDUOJIAGONGCHANGCHENGGONGDICAIYONGQPQJISHUSHENGCHANHUOSAIHUAN。

MOUHUOSAIHUANCHANGZAICAIYONGQPQJISHUYIHOU,YOUJINXINGLEJINYIBUDESHIYANGONGZUO。DUIASL817CAILIAODEHUOSAIHUANZAIJINXINGLIANGDUANQPQCHULI,QIGONGYIGUIFANWEI:

540℃ × 3h + 580℃ × 3.5h

LIANGBUCHULIGONGYIDESHIYANJIEGUOMANZULEBIAOMIANYINGDUDAYU700HV,SHENCENGSHENDUDAYU0.05mmDEJISHUYAOQIU,BINGQIESHENGCHANZHILIANGWENDING。SHIYANJIEGUOHAIBIAOMING,CAIYONGQPQJISHUDESHENGCHANCHENGBENDIYUDUGE。DUGEDEFEIYONGWEI0.2YUAN/PIAN,QPQCHULIDEFEIYONGJINWEI0.14YUAN/PIAN。

KEJICHUANGXINQUDETUPO

1.DIERDAIQPQJISHUYIJINGYANFACHENGGONG

QPQJISHUDALIANGTOURUSHENGCHAN20DUONIANLAI,SUIRANYIJINGBEIHENDUOXINGYECAIYONG,QUDELEJIAOHAODEXIAOGUO,DANYOUYUQPQJISHUSHENCENGTAIQIAN,NANYICHENGSHOUJIAOZHONGDEFUHEHEJIAOGAODEYUNZHUANSUDU,GENGBUNENGCHENGSHOUJIAODADEMOSUN,YINCIYINGYONGDEFANWEISHOUDAOLEHENDAXIANZHI。

WOGONGSIJINGGUOSHIDUONIANDEQIANXINSHIYANYANJIU,ZHONGYUCHENGGONGKAIFALEDIERDAIQPQJISHU——SHENCENGQPQJISHU,QIHUAHEWUCENGSHENDUYOUYUANYOUQPQJISHUDE15?20μmZENGJIADAO30?40μm,SHENZHIGENGSHEN。

DIERDAIQPQJISHUYIJINGJINGGUONAIMOXINGSHIYAN、KANGSHIXINGSHIYAN、LIXUEXINGNENGSHIYANHESHENCENGZUZHIXINGTAISHIYANDEQUANMIANKAOHE。GANGJINGSHENCENGQPQYUPUTONGQPQCHULIHOUXINGNENGBIJIAOJIANFUBIAO。

NAIMOXING:ZHONGTANGANGJINGSHENCENGQPQCHULIHOUHUADONGMOSUNSHIYANNAIMOXINGWEIPUTONGQPQCHULIDESIBEI。

KANGSHIXING:ZHONGTANGANGJINGSHENCENGQPQCHULIHOUSHIZHONGSHIYANKANGSHIXINGWEIPUTONGQPQCHULIDE12BEI;YANWUSHIYANKANGSHIXINGWEIPUTONGQPQCHULIDEYIBEIYISHANG。RUGUOSHENCENGQPQJISHUYUMIFENGJIJIEHESHIYONG,YANWUSHIYANKANGSHIXINGKEDA300hYISHANG,SHENZHIGENGGAO,DADAOGUOJIXIANJINSHUIPING。

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无锡市奕珺金属改性技术有限公司

联系人:王梁

电话:13921290802

传真:0510-83298285

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